In a competitive environment like junior golf where players fight for medals and trophies, there can be a significant amount of pressure to win at an early age. This pressure often leads to younger golfers, under their parent’s direction, training and practicing for many hours a week to develop their skills and gain an advantage over other competitors. It’s not unheard of for parents of even elementary-aged children to hire a team of coaches to guide their aspiring golfer toward the promise of future stardom.
The research and the signs strongly indicate that this approach doesn’t work and is proving to have significant drawbacks.
The best golfers are likely the best athletes.
If you investigate the backgrounds of the top players in the game, you will discover that most exceled in many sports while growing up. Recently, much has been written about Jordan Spieth’s sports background. Before dedicating himself to golf around the age of 14, Jordan played baseball, basketball, and football and excelled as a quarterback and pitcher. There are many more examples of professional golfers, including most of the distance leaders on tour, who played other sports at a high level before turning their attention to golf. Gary Woodland, one of the longest hitters on tour, earned a college basketball scholarship before transferring to Kansas to play golf.
The advantages of early specialization erode over time.
While there’s no denying that early specialization can make a difference in the short-term, there’s mounting evidence that golfers with a diverse athletic background are likely to pass up those that specialize early, and well-rounded athletes have a better chance of competing successfully at the highest levels of the game. On the other hand, early specialization typically produces the opposite effect, young athletes that make the top traveling team and achieve "all-star" status before their teen years but then fail to reach their potential or just burn out and quit. In one important study presented by the American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine, professional athletes specialized, on average, two years later than high school athletes.
Early specialization has several significant risks.
The risks are well documented and include reduced satisfaction, higher rates of burnout, and increased chance of injury. Here are several research excerpts that demonstrate how early specialization may negatively affect your children.
If your goal as a parent is to maximize your child's athletic talent in a particular sport by their late teens or early 20s, then multi-sport participation -- at least through age 13 or 14 -- is clearly the way to go.
Jeff Isler shares his observations, insights, and experiences on the game of golf and those that play it at a high level.